By renouncing a symbolic role, at least in the traditional sense, architecture—in order to avoid destroying itself—discovered its own scientific calling. On one hand, it could become the instrument of social equilibrium, and in this case it was to have to face in full the question of building types—something that was to be done by Durand and Dubut. On the other hand, it could become a science of sensations. This was to be the road persued by Ledoux, and in a much more systematic way by Camus de Mézières. The alternatives were thus either the study of the forms assumed by different building types, or architecture parlante: the same two concepts brought into erupting contrast by Piranesi.
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